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JiggingJigging, or jig fishing, is a method of fishing that is very common, regardless of the type of fishing rod and apparatus that are being used. In order to go jig fishing however, you will require a jig. A jig is basically an advanced type of hook. It falls under the category of fishing lures, and is generally a weight or sinker and a hook all in one. Typically jigs are manufactured to have a soft outer shell, so as to act as a lure and encourage fish to bite.Jigging, or jig fishing, is the fishing technique whereby the hook is made to bounce up and down in a jerking motion, to mimic the behaviour of a living target. This is the main difference between jigs and other types of lures. Currently, the leadhead jig is the most popular and the most common jig, and also the most common artificial lure. This is because jig fishing is effective for both freshwater and saltwater angling. Although jigging was first developed for saltwater fishing, it began to be used for freshwater angling during the 1950’s and 1960’s, when it became apparent that the vast majority of freshwater fish responded well to this lure. This popularity has lasted, and the jig has yet to be replaced as the lure of choice for many anglers.

In order to be successful when jig fishing there are two important factors to consider. Equipment is very important, and should be modified depending on the species of fish that are being sought, and the fishing conditions involved. Technique is equally important, as much of the movement of the jig is dictated by the anglers themselves.

Line: Your choice of line is very important as a line that is too heavy will affect the motion of the jig. A light monofilament line is best suited to jig fishing.
Weight: The weight of your jig is one of the most important aspects of jigging. The heavier the jig, the further you will be able to cast it. Heavy jigs are also recommended when you are fishing in strong currents, deep water or forceful winds. A lighter jig, such as a 1/8 oz, is useful when you are fishing in shallow water, or the fish are closer to the surface than usual. Otherwise a ¼ oz jig is best, especially when jig fishing for freshwater species such as walleye and crappie.
Jig: The size, colour, texture and shape of your jig are all important. Different species may be more susceptible to a particular type of lure. If unsure, seek experienced advice.
• Rod: Your choice of fishing rod should of course be strong and flexible. You should also be able to feel any action on the jig through the rod. This is especially important when jig fishing, as you are actively jerking the lure for most of the time. If you are not sensitive enough to your lure you may not even notice the tug on the line warning you that you have caught a fish’s interest.

• When jig fishing, it is important to remember that you will be aiming to keep your lure on the bottom, or close to it, for most of the time. Therefore always make sure that your jig is weighted properly.
• You can either cast your line or lower your jig into the water. Either way, first let the jig drop all the way to the sea or lake bed. You then begin jigging, by lift the tip of your rod to pluck the jig upwards from the floor, before dropping it back downwards again. There are many variations to this technique. If you cast your line away from you, you should also be winding the jig in, while jerking it up and down along the bottom. Depending on the fish, or even the time of day, short rapid jerks may be most effective, while at other times long slower movements can have the best results.